The town of Barnsley is first mentioned in the Doomsday Book in 1086. It was only in the 1150s when the town had major development under the Pontefract Priory, a monastery devoted to St. John the Evangelist. The 13th century saw its evolution as a market town where weekly markets and annual fairs were held. By the 17th century, its prime location as a route between Leeds, Wakefield, Sheffield, and London bolstered its linen trade. The Industrial Revolution shifted the focus of Barnsley’s economy from linen to coal. Coal pits were opened throughout the villages surrounding the town. Along with the burgeoning coal mining industry and the linen trade, glass making was another major economic driver. By the late 20th century however, these industries have all suffered a drastic decline. Modern day Barnsley is powered by large food manufacturers, retail and leisure developments, and a growing service industry. The town centre has had recent projects completed such as the Barnsley Interchange, Experience Barnsley, and The Glass Works. Culture thrives in Barnsley, with musical venues, museums, theatres, and art galleries enjoying plenty of activity.